Sunday, February 18, 2018

Who Were the Sumerians

Question: "Who were the Sumerians?"

The Sumerians were an ancient people that occupied Sumer, that is, the southern region of Mesopotamia, which is now southern Iraq. It is unclear when the first settlers of the region arrived, but they were a non-Semitic people that historians believe may have come out of the Samarra culture in northern Mesopotamia or Assyria. The Sumerians established many city-states in southern Mesopotamia, and their culture thrived there until around 1700 BC when Babylonia subdued the Sumerians and took control of the region during the reign of Hammurabi, the last Sumerian king.

The Sumerians are credited with creating one of the first forms of writing, cuneiform, which is made of a series of wedge-shaped marks carved into clay with a stylus. The famous Epic of Gilgamesh was written in cuneiform and took archeologists a long time to decipher. Once it was translated, they found the Epic of Gilgamesh to be a heroic story about a Sumerian king. The manuscript describes the daring adventures of Gilgamesh and Enkidu, a wild man who was first created by the gods to fight against Gilgamesh but who befriends him and fights alongside him. The epic also contains a fascinating 
account of a great flood with many similarities to the Genesis account.

The Sumerians were also the builders of the city-state of Ur and the Ziggurat of Ur, an impressive structure built in the worship of the Sumerian moon deity, Nanna. Archeology suggests that the Sumerians were powerful warriors, skilled at agriculture, architecture, and literature.

The Sumerians farmed the fertile land by the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers, and historians have even classified the Sumerians as “proto-Euphrateans.” The Tigris and the Euphrates are two of four rivers mentioned in 
Genesis 2:14 that flowed from the Garden of Eden. Today, these rivers still have a common source, in the mountains of Turkey, from which they flow through Syria and Iraq. That area later became known as the “Fertile Crescent” and the “cradle of civilization” because agriculture flourished there and the peoples of that region developed glass, the wheel, and irrigation techniques.

The Sumerians have a connection with biblical history. In the Bible, Ur is mentioned as the birthplace of Abram, or 
Abraham, who became the first Hebrew patriarch and later the spiritual father of all those who would have faith in the Lord (Genesis 17:5Acts 3:25Romans 4:1216). The Bible does not tell us Abram’s nationality, but he was likely a Sumerian, or perhaps a Babylonian. Abram was living in Mesopotamia when the Lord spoke to him and told him to leave his family and the land of his fathers and go to a new land (Genesis 12:1). By faith (Hebrews 11:8–9), Abram took his wife, Sarai; his nephew Lot; and all their possessions, and they left Ur and traveled to Canaan, which is present-day Lebanon and Israel. Many scholars also see the Bible’s references to “Shinar” [Ur] in Genesis 10:10 and 11:2 to mean Sumer.
Now, there is an obvious anomaly in this characterization. If Abram was returning to “the land of his fathers”, clearly he was Israelite. Period, enough of the silly postulating and speculating. If he was Babylonian, he was not at the same time an Israelite. Who were the Sumerians really, living in the land of Ur. Historically, the Israelites have lived alongside many non-Semitic populations, sometimes even “mixing” with those populations. They certainly did following the first Diaspora when they removed largely to E. Anatolia. Additionally, the Torah is about Israel/ Israelites, with others being mentioned ONLY with respect to their interactions with Israel/ Israelites. We do know Ur was on the Northern Tip of the Persian Gulf. It is here the 3 great rivers, mentioned in connection with Eden, empty.
Who/ What was Ur:
It should also be noted that Shem, one of the sons of Noah, known as Father of the Semetic people settled here originally. Shem is called “the father of all the children of Eber,” meaning the Hebrew people. The word Hebrew means ‘of Eber,’ or ‘descended from Eber.’  Gen. 10:25.  To Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother’s name was Joktan.    The Hebrew race has therefore descended from Eber in two branches: Peleg and Joktan.  The name Peleg means division, (indicating the division of mankind in Babylon, Gen. 11:7-9), and the name Joktan means diminished, (indicating the diminished lifespan of mankind at that time).
 Joktan’s family of thirteen sons is the largest family of early Bible times.  Only
Joktan’s first-generation lineage was recorded; Gen. 10:26-29; I Chron. 1:19-23.
(Even this much is unusual because Joktan’s descendants are not mentioned in
later Bible history.)  All later Bible history is based on Peleg’s lineage (Gen. 11)
so readers have traditionally thought Peleg’s descendants are the only existing
Hebrews.  Peleg’s lineage has more visibility in the Bible because it led up to
Abraham—and God took Abraham’s people to lead the Bible narrative.  But the
descendants of Joktan made another even larger branch of Hebrews.  The total
disappearance of Joktan’s people from the Bible narrative means that his family
left west Asia entirely and migrated to another land far away. 
For over a century Noah and the Flood survivors were migrating in the east,
(eastwards of the Euphrates River plain, which is Shinar).  Gen. 11:2, “And as they migrated from the east, they came upon a plain in the land of Shinar [This would be Ur] and settled there.”
So, all things considered, who were the Sumerians? I would respond by saying they were many descendants of Noah and many who were not. There would be many admixtures of DNA, some Israelite, some not.
It is a well-known phenomenon in the story of DNA referred to as mutations and these can occur at any time, from brother to brother. Shem fathered Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram, father of the Aramaeans. From Arphaxad come the Hebrews, Israelis and Jews. Please note that these are not at all lumped into one grouping, nor are the Aramaeans. The Israelites are no more homogenous than Europeans. The DNA will have root characteristics but with Mutations occurring every so often over time. The Aramaeans are no less Semitic than are the Israelis. So, were they Jews, Hebrews, Israelis? They spoke the same root language and wrote much the same on sticks at one time. Go figure…
It should be fairly clear that Sumerians and the Sumerian writings were devolved from Shem, who descended from Noah. Please do not tell me that all who descended from Noah were deaf mutes, without written and linguistic communication. They carved their writing on sticks. That would be Coel Bren, literally, writing on sticks. Writing on sticks has at least 30 references in the Bible. So, did Moses write the Torah on sticks or scrolls? Think about it.

Did Moses Write the Torah?

It is written:
And Moses wrote down all the words of the LORD… Exodus 24:4 (ESV)
Moses wrote down their starting places, stage by stage, by command of the LORD… Numbers 33:2 (ESV)
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book…”Exodus 17:14 (ESV)
There are others, but you get the drift. Even more importantly, at least to me appears in the New Testament, in red letters mind you. I believe John to be the most important of all books canonized. It is at one time, more cryptic, with more symbolism and coded than all the books canonized. Having said that, it is most like the Gospel of Thomas which was not canonized due to what was written in one verse: “It is within you”. That is a remarkably important verse and it was not in keeping of the dogma of the day. However, the canonization missed the same allusion in John. They missed it due to their own arrogance. This is what Christ said with respect to Moses:
For if you believed Moses, you would believe me; for he wrote of me. But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?” – John 5: 45-47 (ESV)
I would have to review the Gospel of Thomas again to make certain but I am pretty sure that appears in Thomas as well.
I have it on good authority and it is in black and white that Moses was the author of the Torah. That being the case, I require incontrovertible evidence to think otherwise. There is none. There are a lot of scientists who reject the idea for various and sundries reasons. However, all they have are theories, hypotheses. Some scientists actually believe when they postulate a hypothesis that it is proof. Not! My bachelor of science and graduate studies tells me that ain’t science.
See my accompanying post, “Who Were the Sumerians”.

Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Federal Budget Surplus Record Tax Revenue for January

Federal Budget Surplus
Record Tax Revenue for January:
During January, the Treasury collected approximately $361,038,000,000 in total tax revenues and spent a total of approximately $311,802,000,000 to run a surplus of approximately $49,236,000,000.
When you hear from members of Congress that we will be recording record deficits and adding to the debt, just remember that lawyers are not economists and have no idea of what they speak. When you unleash the economic engines of the US economy by abolishing a stranglehold of useless rules and regulations, slash corporate and individual taxation and most importantly of all, provide for an unprecedented consumer/ business confidence, you provide a certain path for recovery and growth. Congressional Budget Office projections do not consider the above factors in their budget estimates because their economic school of thought went with the Studebaker. OMB on the other hand utilizes a very different set of assumptions which do consider the above factors. Economists do not practice law; lawyers should consider giving up on practicing economics.

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

We are founded in Anglo-Saxon Common Law since 1607

Read 'em and weep, Lawrence Tribe. We are founded in Anglo-Saxon Common Law since 1607, you doof:
Common law, also called Anglo-American law, the body of customary law, based upon judicial decisions and embodied in reports of decided cases, that has been administered by the common-law courts of England since the Middle Ages. From it has evolved the type of legal system now found also in the United States and in most of the member states of the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth of Nations). In this sense common law stands in contrast to the legal system derived from civil law, now widespread in continental Europe and elsewhere. In another, narrower, sense, common law is contrasted to the rules applied in English and American courts of equity and also to statute law. A standing expository difficulty is that, whereas the United Kingdom is a unitary state in international law, it comprises three major (and other minor) legal systems, those of England and WalesScotland, and Northern Ireland. Historically, the common-law system in England (applied to Wales since 1536) has directly influenced that in Ireland but only partially influenced the distinct legal system in Scotland, which is therefore, except as regards international matters, not covered in this article. The legal systems in the United Kingdom have, since 1973, experienced integration into the system of European Union law, which has direct effects upon the domestic law of its constituent states—the majority of which have domestic systems that have been influenced by the civil-law tradition and that cultivate a more purposive technique of legislative interpretation than has been customary in the English common law. The regime of human rightsrepresented by the European Convention on Human Rights (1950) has exercised a similar influence in the United Kingdom since the passage by Parliament of the Human Rights Act 1998.
Source: Encyclopedia
NOT Snopes :-)

Monday, February 12, 2018

Democratic Party--From Dirty Tricks to High Crimes and Misdemeanors

You know, I have certainly participated in opposition research and dirty tricks in my history with the Democratic party. However, things are very different when dirty tricks include felonious conspiracies to gut the opposition party, no less integral to this Republic than my own party. What is most frightening is that, if HRC had won, no one would have been the wiser. The bit players in all of this remain stiff-necked, arrogant and as unrepentant as their leaders who concocted these crimes, leaving their sycophants to hang. They would throw any one of them under the bus, without exception. That is why I want all of them indicted under the RICO Statute and make it a clean sweep, top down. These people threw the Constitution under the bus long ago and they spit on you as well. They would spy on you in your bedroom if they thought it would advance their ignoble cause. I believe the FISA Statute should be repealed post haste. Our Intel agencies cannot be trusted and in fact, were part and parcel of this conspiracy. Please note, there is no smiley emoticon punctuating this post.

Elective Despotism

Jefferson feared that it would only be a matter of time before the American system of government degenerated into a form of “elective despotism” (1785). 
Because Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) thought it would be only a matter of time before the American system of government degenerated into an “elective despotism,” he warned that citizens should act now in order to make sure that “the wolf [was kept] out of the fold”:
Mankind [should] soon learn to make interested uses of every right and power which they possess, or may assume. The public money and public liberty, intended to have been deposited with three branches of magistracy, but found inadvertently to be in the hands of one only, will soon be discovered to be sources of wealth and dominion to those who hold them… They [the assembly] should look forward to a time, and that not a distant one, when a corruption in this, as in the country from which we derive our origin, will have seized the heads of government, and be spread by them through the body of the people; when they will purchase the voices of the people, and make them pay the price. Human nature is the same on every side of the Atlantic, and will be alike influenced by the same causes. The time to guard against corruption and tyranny is before they shall have gotten hold of us. It is better to keep the wolf out of the fold, than to trust to drawing his teeth and talons after he shall have entered.
About this Quotation:
1785 seems rather early for Jefferson to be making such dire predictions about the unhappy fate of the new American government, yet his worry that democracy might turn into a form of despotism has proven to be correct if some 200 years later and “not a distant” time as he originally thought. What is interesting about this quote is also the use of animal imagery, this time seeing government as a “wolf” whose teeth and claws would need to be pulled if liberty were to survive.
NOTE: In this present time, it was the wolf that used the means of FISA Warrants to accomplish this corruption. I do not care if we ever again are able to spy on one foreign “terrorist”, when the wolf is the real terrorist. That is the nature of the beast. Our Intel Agencies are now as corrupt as the wolf who appointed them to the task.

Trump's Budget Authorization Hoodwinks Democrats, AGAIN!

We are hearing from the unwashed that the GOP has lost its conservatism with respect to federal spending. That is just spin to throw cold water on the budget resolution, step 2 in the budgetary process. What just passed was the "up to" budget authorization. Don't believe everything you hear from MSM who has no idea of this process. I have a feeling the congressional leadership knows exactly what it is doing. Step 3 will be what is termed "budget reconciliation" or "markup" of the Appropriation Committees in each chamber. The final step in the legislative process will be the final Appropriation of budgets provided by the 12 Appropriation Subcommittees. Of late, all 12 are thrown into an "Omnibus Appropriation Bill". You say, if you are Tingly Leg Boy, Chris Matthews [No relation, hopefully], that the GOP has lost its conservative way. If you believe that, you are hopelessly naive about the wily ways of Washington. I say however, once again, the Ds have been comically hoodwinked. A Budget Resolution simply states the maximum that may be spent in the Appropriation process. Does that mean they will appropriate all that has been authorized under the Resolution. Absolutely not! Defense will get every penny they wish. Discretionary spending, so giving the Ds that tingly feeling up the leg however, will be short-sheeted. It should also be known that, even if funds are appropriated, it is not require that they be spent. The Rule is that any appropriated funds now spent are returned to the General Fund--so much the better. It is already fairly known that certain agencies, created by the Obama Administration, will never see a dollar and by default will just disappear from planet Dearth. HOODWINKED AGAIN!